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How to Properly Manage Hypertension

Hypertension or hypertensive vascular disease is intermittent or sustained elevation in systolic or diastolic blood pressure. There are two kinds of hypertension, which include primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. About 20% of adult population develops hypertension. More than 90% of these cases are primary hypertension, and about 10% are secondary hypertension.

Primary hypertension has no identifiable cause. However, risk factors have been identified that have caused a person to develop primary hypertension such as family history; gender - where men are at greater risk than women; race, in the United States - blacks are twice the risk of whites; and age. Other factors that are known to be modifiable would include stress, obesity, high dietary intake of sodium or saturated fats, excessive caffeine or alcohol or tobacco use, oral contraceptive use and sedentary lifestyle.

On the other hand, secondary hypertension is mainly caused by a condition such as renal vascular disease, thyroid problems and pregnancy-induced hypertension to name a few.

Being hypertensive can be extremely dangerous. But it doesn't mean that it couldn't be fixed. It is highly manageable. Now here are the proper ways to manage hypertension.

  1. Take the prescribed medicines regularly on schedule provided by your doctor. You should not discontinue taking the medicines even if side effects such as dizziness, light headedness or impotency occur. But you have to notify your health care provider so that the medicine can be changed.
  2. Monitor your blood pressure regularly. Because many people experience transient blood pressure elevations during examinations, also known as white coat hypertension, remeasurement after about 10 minutes is recommended to obtain a more accurate reading.
  3. Reduce your weight by restricting caloric intake especially cholesterol and fats. You also have to restrict sodium intake. You may collaborate with a dietitian if you want. And reduce or avoid alcohol and caffeine intake.
  4. Urge yourself to stop smoking if you smoke. This is one lifestyle modification about which there can be no compromise.
  5. Encourage yourself in conducting a regular physical activity and exercise program; exercise enhances the sense of well-being, provides an outlet for emotional tension, raises serum levels of high-density lipoproteins, and aids in weight control. It is recommended for you to have a gradually progressive program of aerobic activity such as walking, jogging, or swimming. However, an isometric exercise such as weight lifting is discouraged.

Now these are effective ways to properly manage hypertension. Follow these measures and you will definitely manage your condition consistently.